A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in by William Lockley Miller

By William Lockley Miller

Dependent upon surveys and interviews with executive officers and electorate, this booklet makes a speciality of matters comparable to bribery, corruption, inefficiency and freedom of knowledge in Ukraine, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The authors transcend an research of public perceptions and behavior and think about public attitudes in the direction of proposals for reform. They display how the matter of voters' interactions with officers varies in type in addition to in measure around the nations of vital and japanese Europe.

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Interview surveys and associated methods can provide much more information than that typically used in cross-national statistical studies. Itcan provide not only information on the country-wide level of corruption but information on: (i) variations in corruption withineach country; (ii) motivations 26 A Culture of Corruption? for corruption; (iii) the evaluation and interpretation of corrupt practices; and (iv) the relative frequency and significance of corruption as compared to other ways of influencing officials.

Evenif the press is sampled systematically, its content is determined bythe restrictions and enthusiasms of editors and censors or by the post-communist ‘oligarchs’ who now control much of the media. So a rash of press stories about corruption may reflect an official anti-corruption ‘campaign’ rather than a surge in corruption, while a dearth of press coverage may simply reflect an Official cover-up. Official statistics suffer even more directly from the fact that they are controlled by the authorities.

6 In Ukraine the minority area sample consisted of quota samples with 100 ethnic Ukran ia i ns,100 Russians and 100 Tatars in Crimea; and with 100 Ukrainians, 100 Rusyns (Ruthenians)and 100 Hungarians in Zakarpatia (also known as ‘Transcarpathia’ or ‘Transcarpathian Ukraine’). 7 To ensure cross-national comparability we specified that the quota samplesof street-level offiof at least 60 interviews with officials in each of five categocials in each country should consist ries of public service: health services, education, welfare services, the police, and a mixed bag of legal services (court, passport and customs officials).

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