A Greek Army on the March: Soldiers and Survival in by John W. I. Lee

By John W. I. Lee

Professor Lee presents a social and cultural background of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got frequently been portrayed as a unmarried summary political group, this e-book finds that existence within the military was once generally formed via a suite of smaller social groups: the formal unit organization of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group'). It contains complete remedy of the environmental stipulations of the march, ethnic and socio-economic kin among the warriors, apparatus and shipping, marching and camp behaviour, consuming and ingesting, sanitation and treatment, and plenty of different subject matters. It additionally accords targeted recognition to the non-combatants accompanying the warriors. It makes use of historical literary and archaeological facts, old and sleek comparative fabric, and views from army sociology and sleek conflict stories. This ebook is key studying for an individual engaged on historical Greek struggle or on Xenophon's Anabasis.

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For a coalition of Chalybians, Taochians, and Phasians see An. 5–6; cf. 8–9 for possibly similar efforts by the Macronians and Colchians. 109 An. 15–18. An. 1–14. This would explain why some villages appear empty of inhabitants (An. 19–20; cf. 2–3). The march route 35 not flee collaborated with the Cyreans in hopes of preserving their homes and at least some of their food. One way or the other, apparently little or no fighting occurred within settlements. Furthermore, fleeing inhabitants seem never to have torched their villages before leaving.

The location of Thapsacus (An. 11) remains uncertain; I follow Lendle (1995) 40–1, but cf. Manfredi (1986) 106–7. 17–18) as an indication of the date, see Naval Intelligence Division (1943) 53–4, Glombiowski (1994) 42. The march route 23 as from the merchants who accompanied the army. 19 Food and fuel probably got scarcer on the approaches to the Euphrates, but the troops could have stocked up in advance at the Dardas, where Cyrus ordered Belesys’ park and adjacent palace to be destroyed. 21 Lastly, the Cyreans had it easy during this period because for the most part no one was trying to kill them.

The army on the Black Sea coast, though, did not always fight as a team. There were too many temptations to go after provisions or plunder alone, and on several occasions small raiding units came to bad ends when their intended prey turned about and bit back hard. 152 The Arcadian and Achaean hoplites had a different problem at Calpe. Without cavalry or peltasts, they could not repel the Thracian light troops and horsemen who swarmed against them. 153 Xenophon emphasized the hoplites’ vulnerabilities to highlight the foolhardiness of the Arcadian/Achaean secession, but the tactical lesson was no less true for that.

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