A handbook of comparative social policy by Patricia Kennett

By Patricia Kennett

The present context of social coverage is one during which a few of the outdated certainties of the previous were eroded. The predominantly inward-looking, family preoccupation of social coverage has made manner for a extra built-in, overseas and outward method of research which seems past the bounds of the country. it truly is during this context that this instruction manual brings jointly the paintings of key commentators within the box of comparative research with a purpose to supply entire assurance of latest debates and matters in cross-national social coverage examine. Organised round 5 topics, this awesome quantity explores the contextual, conceptual, analytical and processual elements of project comparative social examine. within the first half, the authors are fascinated by de-centring the kingdom and increasing the epistemological framework wherein cross-national research is explored. In elements II and III, the point of interest is at the conceptual and theoretical frameworks for analysing social coverage cross-nationally, whereas half IV examines the daily truth of getting ready for and undertaking cross-national research. within the ultimate part, the authors spotlight carrying on with and rising issues and concerns that are of specific relevance to realizing the modern social international. overseas in scope, this authoritative guide offers unique leading edge study from major experts and may turn into an crucial resource of reference for someone drawn to comparative social examine. it's going to additionally turn out a important learn reduction for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars from a number disciplines together with social coverage, sociology, politics, city reviews and public coverage.

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On the one hand, it enhances the need for supranational coordination and opens the space for subnational resurgence. On the other hand, it extends the scope for the national state itself to mediate between the increasing number of significant scales of action. Thus, while the national state may have lost some formal sovereignty through the upwards, downwards and sideways transfer of powers, it seeks to play a central role in interscalar articulation. This can be seen not only in the forms and scope of functional networks and cyberspace(s) and their associated activities but also in the re-articulation of terrestrial and territorial scales.

In the former case, then, we have multi-level government that could lead to a federal United States of Europe; in the latter case, we have multi-arena government, leading at most to a confederal United Europe of States or Europe des patries. Governance-centred approaches argue that the legitimate monopoly of violence and the top-down modes of intervention associated with the modern nation state are becoming impotent, irrelevant, or even harmful in an increas- Hollowing out the ‘nation-state’ 21 ingly complex and increasingly global social order.

While women’s employment has indeed expanded significantly in the past two decades, women have often been employed in preference to men because they are seen to be cheaper, less likely to organize into labour unions and more likely to accept hazardous working conditions (Enloe, 1989; Marchand, 1994; Meyer, 1998). Moreover, the operation of global markets and other mechanisms allocates political power or economic resources unevenly across countries/territories and among specific social groups (Lundberg and Milanovic, 2000).

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