A History of Great Ideas in Abnormal Psychology by Thaddeus E. Weckowicz

By Thaddeus E. Weckowicz

As indicated through its identify "A background of serious principles in irregular Psychology", this publication isn't just desirous about the chronology of occasions or with biographical info of serious psychiatrists and psychopathologists. It has as its major curiosity, a learn of the guidelines underlying theories approximately psychological affliction and psychological overall healthiness within the Western global. those are studied based on their historic improvement from precedent days to the 20 th century. The e-book discusses the heritage of principles in regards to the nature of psychological sickness, its causation, its remedy and likewise social attitudes in the direction of psychological ailment. The conceptions of psychological affliction are mentioned within the context of philosophical rules concerning the human brain and the clinical theories winning in several sessions of background. definite perennial controversies are awarded equivalent to these among the mental and natural methods to the therapy of psychological disease, and people among the focal point on affliction entities (nosology) as opposed to the focal point on person personalities. The ideals of primitive societies are mentioned, and the improvement of early medical principles approximately psychological ailment in Greek and Roman instances. The learn maintains in the course of the medieval age to the Renaissance. extra emphasis is then put on the clinical revolution of the 17th century, the enlightenment of the eighteenth, and the emergence of recent mental and psychiatric rules bearing on psychopathology within the 20th century.

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Ideas such as these represented a regression to the earlier Egyptian medical beliefs, according to which different parts of the body were controlled by different divinities. In his thinking Origen, who lived in Alexandria, 38 Antiquity was influenced by the teachings of the Gnostics, a Christian theosophic sect which combined Christian with Oriental occult beliefs stemming from the old Egyptian religion. The Gnostics in their beliefs populated the world with spirits and demons. Other Christian Church fathers sought t o reject the classical heritage entirely.

These dreadful messengers were sent by vengeful gods to inflict madness on transgressors for a breach of taboo, for the sin of hubris; the presumption of being equal to the gods. 2 0 Antiquity 27 However, on the deeper level, the real cause of madness were profound internal psychological conflicts experienced by the heroes of the tragedies. They were shown as torn between social obligations and incompatible loyalties. There were desires for revenge and there were erotic passions. Shame, guilt and disgrace were conspicuous causes of madness.

Pneumatists were also Solidists, even if strongly influenced by Stoic philosophy. They explained human physiology and pathology in terms of pneuma, an important concept in Stoic philosophy. ). Of the two, Aretaeus was more important. He was a keen observer and a shrewd clincian who was first to suggest that depression and mania may be the same illness and that melancholia tends to reoccur in the same people. He abandoned the current typology based on the four humors of the Hippocratic school and was interested, instead, in individual personalities and came to the conclusion that certain mental diseases are extensions of premorbid personalities of patients.

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