By Len Doyal
Rejecting stylish subjectivist and cultural relativist methods, this crucial e-book argues that humans have common and goal wishes for health and wellbeing and autonomy and a correct to their optimum delight. The authors increase a approach of social signs to teach what such optimization may suggest in perform and determine the files of a variety of constructed and underdeveloped economies in assembly their voters' wishes
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Additional info for A Theory of Human Need
21). So a wide consensus in modern thought agrees that universal and objective human needs do not exist or cannot be formulated coherently. Indeed, the reader must by now be wondering what there is left to say in this book. From the political Right, Left and Who Needs Human Needs? 21 Centre, from traditional disciplines and post-modernist thought, from economics, sociology, philosophy and discourse theory, from radical feminism and anti-racism, the charge is the same: the quest for universal and objective needs is a search for a will-o'-the-wisp.
In struggling against all of these inequities, some feminists have argued that men are naturally agressive and prone to violence, domination and exploitation. Such tendencies are explained in different ways depending on the theorist. Contenders for primary causation are biology and the patriarchal cultures within which male consciousness is formed. This combination of cultural determination and psycho/socio-biology is said to account for what is regarded as the universality of patriarchy and the apparent inability of men to behave otherwise.
For example. to refrain from whatever genetic propensity to aggression they have inherited from their ancestral hunters. Therefore. the question remains of what we - as opposed to our genes - should do with our lives. Needs as goals and strategies The word 'need' is also used explicitly or implicitly to refer to a particular category of goals which are believed to be unil'ersalisable. Examples would be: 'This person needs (and should have the goal of) more protein' or These families need (and should have the goal of) proper shelter this winter'.