Abortion: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues) by Marie Costa

By Marie Costa

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During the next decade, obstetrical textbooks begin to recommend use of antiseptic techniques for abortion (which most states still permit for therapeutic reasons) as well as for childbirth. This will reduce but not end deaths from puerperal fever, which continues to be a major and often fatal complication of abortion well into the second half of the twentieth century. 1892 Canada makes it a crime to possess "obscene" materials, including contraceptives and abortifacients. 1899 Abortion becomes a crime in Japan.

Thomas puts forward the concept of hylomorphism, which says that human beings are a unity of two elements: primary matter, or the potentiality of the body, and substantial form, or the actualizing principle of the soul. Both elements are necessary for a human being to exist, implying that the embryo must have a fully human bodyone developed beyond the early stages of pregnancybefore it is capable of receiving the soul and becoming human. St. Thomas, however, believes both contraception and abortion to be vices against nature and sins against marriage; his views are adopted as the official doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church.

Chronology 1 Classical Greece 1 Roman Empire 1 Beginning of Christian Era (First through Seventh Centuries) 2 Middle Christian Era (Eighth through Sixteenth Centuries) 2 Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries 3 Nineteenth Century 4 Twentieth Century 10 References 65 2. Biographical Sketches 69 Mary Cunningham Agee 69 Luz Alvarez-Martinez 70 Byllye Avery 71 Janet Benshoof 73 Judie Brown 74 Wanda Franz 75 Page viii Jeannie Wallace French 76 David Grimes 77 Warren Hern 79 Jane Hodgson 81 Henry Hyde 82 Molly Kelly 84 Frances Kissling 85 Kate Michelman 87 Bernard Nathanson 88 Joseph Scheidler 89 Patricia Schroeder 90 Eleanor Smeal 92 Christopher Smith 93 Randall Terry 94 Sarah Weddington 96 John C.

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