Activity Theory in HCI: Fundamentals and Reflections by Victor Kaptelinin, Bonnie A. Nardi

By Victor Kaptelinin, Bonnie A. Nardi

Job conception -- a conceptual framework initially built by way of Aleksei Leontiev -- has its roots within the socio-cultural culture in Russian psychology. The foundational notion of the speculation is human job, that is understood as practical, mediated, and transformative interplay among humans and the area. because the early Nineteen Nineties, task idea has been a visual landmark within the theoretical panorama of Human-Computer interplay (HCI). in addition to another frameworks, equivalent to allotted cognition and phenomenology, it confirmed itself as a number one post-cognitivist method in HCI and interplay layout. during this ebook we speak about the conceptual foundations of job idea and its contribution to HCI research.
After making the case for conception in HCI and in brief discussing the contribution of job conception to the sector (Chapter One) we introduce the historic roots, major rules, and rules of task thought (Chapter Two). After that we current in-depth analyses of 3 matters which we think about of distinct significance to present advancements in HCI and interplay layout, specifically: enterprise (Chapter Three), event (Chapter Four), and activity-centric computing (Chapter Five). We finish the publication with reflections on demanding situations and clients for extra improvement of job idea in HCI (Chapter Six).

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We embody cultural needs as a result of our activity and the activity of others who act on us. The surgeon’s hands, the attorney’s mind, the athlete’s body—such agencies are the 38 3. AGENCY result of object-oriented activity. Those who act on us to make us who we are include family, friends, peers, teachers, coaches, and co-workers, as well as the wider culture. A TYPOLOGY OF AGENTS To gain a more nuanced view of agency, we move beyond the usual binary schemes. , 2005) and humanmaterial agency (Pickering, 1993).

This principle states that human activities are distributed— and dynamically re-distributed—along the external/internal dimension. Any human activity contains both internal and external components. Sometimes external components are hardly visible: they can be reduced, for instance, to eye movements or even patterns of brain activation, but they are always present. The concepts of internalization and externalization refer to the processes of mutual transformations between internal and external components of an activity.

Therefore, the subject must have competencies of a special type to create and use functional organs efficiently. These competencies, which can be labeled as meta-functional, provide integration of functional organs into the system of human activities as a whole (Kaptelinin, 1996b). In contrast to tool-related competencies and taskrelated competencies, meta-functional competencies are not directly related to employing functional BASIC PRINCIPLES OF LEONTIEV’S ACTIVITY THEORY: AN OVERVIEW 29 organs for reaching goals.

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