Adaptive Interaction: A Utility Maximization Approach to by Stephen J. Payne, Andrew Howes

By Stephen J. Payne, Andrew Howes

This lecture describes a theoretical framework for the behavioural sciences that holds excessive promise for theory-driven examine and layout in Human-Computer interplay. The framework is designed to take on the adaptive, ecological, and bounded nature of human behaviour. it truly is designed to assist scientists and practitioners cause approximately why humans decide to behave as they do and to provide an explanation for which innovations humans decide upon based on application, ecology, and cognitive details processing mechanisms. A key concept is that folks decide upon recommendations to be able to maximise application given constraints. The framework is illustrated with a couple of examples together with pointing, multitasking, skim-reading, on-line paying for, sign Detection thought and prognosis, and the effect of popularity on procuring judgements. Importantly, those examples span from perceptual/motor coordination, via cognition to social interplay. eventually, the lecture discusses the tough concept that humans search to discover optimum options and in addition discusses the results for behavioral research in HCI. desk of Contents: advent: A Framework for Cognitive technological know-how study on HCI / heritage / sign Detection conception and Collaborative prognosis / Discretionary job Interleaving / circulate making plans / Multimodal interplay and textual content access / E-commerce / looking a number of records and read analyzing / Adaptively dispensing Cognition / E-commerce suggestions / dialogue

Show description

Read or Download Adaptive Interaction: A Utility Maximization Approach to Understanding Human Interaction with Technology (Synthesis Lectures on Human-Centered Informatics) PDF

Best human-computer interaction books

Beautiful Users: Designing for People

Contributor observe:
Forward by means of Caroline Baumann
Project measure(s) of guy through Thomas Carpentier
Glossary by way of Tiffany Lambert

In the mid-twentieth century, Henry Dreyfuss—widely thought of the daddy of business design—pioneered a user-centered method of layout that makes a speciality of learning people's behaviors and attitudes as a key first step in constructing winning items. within the intervening years, user-centered layout has elevated to adopt the wishes of in a different way abled clients and worldwide populations in addition to the layout of advanced platforms and providers.

Beautiful clients explores the altering dating among designers and clients and considers various layout methodologies and practices, from consumer study to hacking, open resource, and the maker tradition.

Online Multiplayer Games (Synthesis Lectures on Information Concepts, Retrieval, and S)

This lecture introduces basic rules of on-line multiplayer video games, essentially hugely multiplayer on-line role-playing video games (MMORPGs), appropriate for college kids and school either in designing video games and in doing examine on them. the overall concentration is human-centered computing, consisting of many human-computer interplay concerns and emphasizes social computing, but additionally, appears to be like at how the layout of socio-economic interactions extends our conventional notions of laptop programming to hide people in addition to machines.

Rapid Contextual Design: A How-to Guide to Key Techniques for User-Centered Design (Interactive Technologies)

Is it very unlikely to time table sufficient time to incorporate clients on your layout procedure? Is it tough to include complex user-centered layout concepts into your personal typical layout practices? Do the assets wanted appear overwhelming? This instruction manual introduces quick CD, a fast paced, adaptive type of Contextual layout.

Studies of Work and the Workplace in HCI: Concepts and Techniques (Synthesis Lectures on Human-Centered Informatics)

This e-book has reasons. First, to introduce the learn of labor and the office as a style for informing the layout of desktops for use at paintings. We basically concentrate on the essential manner during which the association of labor has been approached in the box of human-computer interplay (HCI), that's from the viewpoint of ethnomethodology.

Extra info for Adaptive Interaction: A Utility Maximization Approach to Understanding Human Interaction with Technology (Synthesis Lectures on Human-Centered Informatics)

Example text

1 above). The predicted movement duration TS can be calculated for a desired end point variation using an equation similar to that proposed by Welford et al. (1969) but adapted to give values for a strategy S. ) VS is a measure of the variability for strategy S. The equation makes the assumption that the movement consists of two submovements, which in general does not have to be the case. The first submovement, b log VD , is ballistic because a S person first makes a submovement aimed at finishing in the rough vicinity of the target.

Ironically, such correlation may be fostered by discussion: imagine if all the visitors of the fair had engaged in discussion with one another before reporting their best guesses. The famous Asch paradigm (Asch, 1951) has shown the extent to which individual judgments can be biased by social influence, and Lorenz et al. (2011) showed that exposing people to others’ judgments undermines the wisdom of crowds effect in estimation tasks. This line of argument points to the dangers of discussion in collaborative diagnostic situations, and yet, to our limited knowledge such discussion is commonplace in medical settings, where multi-disciplinary teams are often engaged in diagnosis decisions.

Simply missing the desired button, but not accidentally selecting another button, means that at least one more movement and selection is required to achieve the goal, though this movement will also be subject to noise and may itself result in an error that needs correction. In contrast, missing the desired button and selecting an adjacent button, in this case “Settings,” will have greater temporal consequences, as the effect of this error will need to be undone before a second attempt can be made to select the desired button.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.29 of 5 – based on 25 votes