By Fred C. Pampel, John B. Williamson
This research of the expansion of welfare spending examines the relative impression of sophistication and standing teams as opposed to demographic composition and political constructions. distinct consciousness is given to the position of the elderly as consultant of the significance of ascription and middle-class teams in welfare development, and to the impact of welfare spending on source of revenue inequality. combination cross-national info from the UN, ILO, and the area financial institution are analyzed and the belief is drawn that an enormous elderly inhabitants, specifically together with democratic political techniques, is a right away and the most important impression at the point of welfare spending.
Read or Download Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American Sociological Association Rose Monographs) PDF
Best social services & welfare books
The clash in Northern eire is still not like the other crusade performed through the British military this century. there were no set-piece battles, no decisive victories or crushing defeats; only a grinding, relentless sequence of small scale operations according to riots, bombings, sectarian murders and terrorist ambushes.
This leading edge assortment offers unique theoretical and empirical examine on legal victimization. the 1st a part of the ebook demanding situations stereotypical conceptions of victimization, targeting non-traditional sufferers of crime, comparable to male sufferers of household violence, sufferers of male-on-male rape, institutional sufferers and the "victim-offenders" who're recipients of IRA punishment beatings.
In the USA this day the serious and debatable debate over the censorship of pornography keeps to name into query the values of a contemporary, democratic tradition. This ground-breaking number of ten serious essays lines the background and numerous makes use of of pornography in early glossy Europe, delivering the ancient viewpoint an important to figuring out present problems with creative censorship.
Do “human rights”—as embodied in constitutions, nationwide legislation, and foreign agreements—foster advancements within the lives of the terrible or another way marginalized populations? whilst, the place, how, and lower than what stipulations? last the Rights hole: From Human Rights to Social Transformation systematically compares a number case reports from worldwide on the way to make clear the stipulations less than which—and associations via which—economic, social, and cultural rights are gradually discovered in perform.
- For Hunger-Proof Cities: Sustainable Urban Food Systems
- Carpe Diem: Enjoying Every Day with a Terminal Illness
- Museums of Madness: Social Organization of Insanity in 19th Century England
- Welfare Reform and Sexual Regulation
- Internet Using the Internet for Drug Abuse Prevention 2003
Additional info for Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American Sociological Association Rose Monographs)
1975; Przeworski, 1985:201). Up to this point, the monopoly capitalism theories show some similarities to the functionalist, industrialism theories. Myles (1984) argues that both theories are structural-functionalist, since both see the welfare state as responding to functional imperatives: In one case, the imperatives are technological; in the other case, they relate to the needs of monopoly capitalism. In Stinchcombe's (1968:80) terminology, functional explanations treat the consequences of a social arrangement as the causes of that arrangement.
Like the monopoly capital theory, this theory emphasizes the importance of class; yet, it argues that the welfare state results from the political efforts of a strong working class rather than from monopoly capital. The 24 Age, class, politics, and the welfare state political efforts of workers can lead to the election of leftist parties, which then implement welfare programs that redistribute income to workers and the poor. The social democractic theory predicts class determinants of social welfare spending, reduction of inequality from welfare, and important class-based political influences on both.
Private pensions, if they exist, are seldom adequate, so the state responds to the financial plight of this population by providing public pensions. Again, the state is not an autonomous force in the growth of pensions but responds to substructural changes in the age structure, family, and labor force. In addition to arguments about the aged, other aspects of population structure may be important in the determination of welfare spending, particularly in developing nations. Entwisle and Winegarden (1984) argue that as fertility and Theoretical perspectives on the welfare state 27 family size decline, parents recognize that there will be fewer children to support them in old age.