By Douglas L. Cairns
This is often the 1st learn in English to ascertain the most an important phrases in Greek moral and social discourse, aidos, inside a variety of Greek literature. usually rendered "shame," "modesty," or "respect," aidos is without doubt one of the so much elusive and tough Greek phrases to translate. Dr. Cairns discusses the character and alertness of aidos and different suitable phrases in a couple of authors; with specific emphasis on their manifestations in epic, tragedy, and philosophy. He indicates that the essence of the concept that is to be present in its courting with Greek values of honor, within which context it will probably realize and reply to the honour of either the self and others. It therefore comprises either self- and different- relating to habit, aggressive and cooperative values.
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Additional info for Aidos: The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature
Volume I: Greece, the Hellenistic World and the Rise of Rome (Cambridge, 2007) Sekunda, Nicholas & Angus McBride, The Army of Alexander the Great (Osprey MAA 148, London, 1984) Sekunda, Nicholas, ‘The Sarissa’, in Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Archaeologica 23 (2001) 13–41 Sekunda, Nicholas, ‘A Macedonian Companion in a Pompeian Fresco’, in Archeologia (Warsaw) 54 (2003) 29–33 pl. x–xi Tziafalias, Athanasios & Bruno Helly, ‘Inscriptions de la Tripolis de Perrhébie. , Philip V of Macedon (Cambridge, 1940), ‘Appendix II: Notes on the Army under Philip V’, pp.
Hal. 2–4). Though the date is very early, this might also refer to a formation of thureophoroi. OPPOSITE A decree of the Thessalian city of Gonnoi awards proxenia – the status of diplomatic representative – to Alexandros, son of Admetos. 5 – in the form ‘Alexander, son of Akmetos’) as the commander of the chalkaspides at the battle of Sellasia in 222 BC. The decree, dating to the reign of Philip V, is decorated with a Macedonian shield, with a head facing left within the central medallion. From this combined evidence it would be reasonable to suppose that it shows the shield carried by the chalkaspides during the reign of Philip V, decorated with a portrait of the monarch.
12) stipulates that the sarisa ought to be no shorter than 8 cubits (12 feet). It may be, then, that the sarisai used by the peltastai measured only 8 cubits. Later on, Plutarch (Aem. 5) emphasizes the diminutive size of the weapons they carried by calling their swords ‘small encheiridia’ and their shields ‘peltarioi’. In Flamininus’ triumph in Rome following his victory at Kynoskephalai, Plutarch (Flam. 1) mentions Greek helmets and Macedonian peltai and sarisai being on display. Note that there is no reference to cuirasses in these panoplies.