By John Weinman
* completely revised to mirror the main advancements within the box of psychology as utilized to medication and the emergence of 'health psychology' as a considerable speciality * New issues were further together with sections on counselling, cognitive methods to therapy * The references within the textual content and for additional analyzing were up-to-date and revised * a large yet short review of psychology as utilized to drugs * presents a place to begin & framework for clinical scholars
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Extra info for An Outline of Psychology as Applied to Medicine
However, there is recent clinical and experimental evidence that some very basic capacities, involved in attention and eye movement control, may still exist following cortical blindness, albeit at a preconscious level. This has led to the idea that the main visual pathway (retina—> lateral geniculate nucleus —» visual cortex) is primarily concerned with feature extraction and pattern detection and that a subcortical visual system based on the superior colliculus mediates aspects of the attention process.
Treatment effects Medication affecting the central nervous system can also have a direct or indirect affect on memory functions. For example, it has been claimed that L-dopa has a specific beneficial effect on m e m o r y but this is much more likely to be an indirect effect related to the arousing properties of the drug. M o r e recently it has been claimed that piracetam does have a specific effect on cognitive functions including memory, particularly in older age groups, but this is still open to debate.
IL Individual differences Although short-term memory is often described as a fixed capacity store it is clear that a range of short-term memory ability exists within the population and which is partly but certainly not wholly related to intelligence. Moreover long-term memory ability varies enormously both between and within individuals. The extreme examples here are the so-called 'memory freaks', a very small group of individuals whose long-term memory capacity is greatly in excess of the majority and sometimes apparently limitless.