An Outline of Psychology as Applied to Medicine by John Weinman

By John Weinman

* completely revised to mirror the main advancements within the box of psychology as utilized to medication and the emergence of 'health psychology' as a considerable speciality * New issues were further together with sections on counselling, cognitive methods to therapy * The references within the textual content and for additional analyzing were up-to-date and revised * a large yet short review of psychology as utilized to drugs * presents a place to begin & framework for clinical scholars

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However, there is recent clinical and experimental evidence that some very basic capacities, involved in attention and eye movement control, may still exist following cortical blindness, albeit at a preconscious level. This has led to the idea that the main visual pathway (retina—> lateral geniculate nucleus —» visual cortex) is primarily concerned with feature extraction and pattern detection and that a subcortical visual system based on the superior colliculus mediates aspects of the attention process.

Treatment effects Medication affecting the central nervous system can also have a direct or indirect affect on memory functions. For example, it has been claimed that L-dopa has a specific beneficial effect on m e m o r y but this is much more likely to be an indirect effect related to the arousing properties of the drug. M o r e recently it has been claimed that piracetam does have a specific effect on cognitive functions including memory, particularly in older age groups, but this is still open to debate.

IL Individual differences Although short-term memory is often described as a fixed capacity store it is clear that a range of short-term memory ability exists within the population and which is partly but certainly not wholly related to intelligence. Moreover long-term memory ability varies enormously both between and within individuals. The extreme examples here are the so-called 'memory freaks', a very small group of individuals whose long-term memory capacity is greatly in excess of the majority and sometimes apparently limitless.

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