Analisis de un caso de neurosis obsesiva by Sigmund Freud

By Sigmund Freud

El hombre de l. a. ratas es uno de los llamados cinco grandes casos de Freud, publicado en 1910, este es un caso ejemplar para el estudio de neurosis obsesiva; UN hombre joven, de formación universitaria, se presenta en EL consultorio de Freud manifestando padecer representaciones obsesivas ya desde su infancia, pero con specific intensidad desde cuatro años atrás. El contenido imperative de su dolencia period el temor de que les sucediera algo a las dos personas a las que más quería: su madre y l. a. dama de sus pensamientos. Sentía, además, impulsos obsesivos, stories como el de cortarse el cuello con una navaja de afeitar, y se imponía prohibiciones que se extendían también a cosas triviales e indiferentes. los angeles lucha contra sus rules obsesivas le habían hecho perder mucho tiempo, retrasándole en su carrera.

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Additional info for Analisis de un caso de neurosis obsesiva

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No creo que haya de tropezar con graves contradicciones la hipótesis de que habitualmente, y por razones económicas, el pensamiento es impulsado por medio de desplazamientos de energía más pequeños que los consagrados a los actos destinados a la derivación y a la modificación del mundo exterior. Aquello que irrumpe con energía sobrada en la consciencia como idea obsesiva ha de quedar luego garantizado contra la acción destructora del pensamiento consciente. Sabemos ya que tal protección es conseguida por medio de la deformación que la idea obsesiva ha experimentado antes de hacerse consciente.

Con todo ello era lo suficientemente honrado, o mejor dicho, lo bastante fiel a sus convicciones oficiales, para no olvidar aquellos otros casos en los que no se habían confirmado presentimientos muy intensos, como una vez que salió de veraneo con la seguridad de que no volvería vivo a Viena. Reconocía también que la inmensa mayoría de los presagios se referían a cosas carentes de importancia para su persona, y que cuando encontraba a algún conocido en el que sólo momentos antes había pensado, después de un largo olvido, tal encuentro no tenía luego consecuencia ninguna singular y confesaba que todo lo importante de su vida había ocurrido sin que presagio alguno lo anunciara; por ejemplo, la muerte de su padre.

Esta tendencia llega a exteriorizarse a veces en una antipatía a los relojes, los cuales aseguran, por lo menos, la determinación de la hora, y en hábiles manejos inconscientes encaminados a inutilizar tales instrumentos que hacen imposible la duda. Nuestro paciente mostraba especial destreza en eludir todas aquellas informaciones que pudieran llevarle a una solución de su conflicto. Así, desconocía en absoluto las circunstancias más importantes de la vida de su amada y pretendía ignorar el nombre del médico que la había operado y si la operación se había limitado a un solo ovario o había comprendido ambos.

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