Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery by Kristalyn Shefveland

By Kristalyn Shefveland

Shefveland examines Anglo-Indian interactions during the belief of local tributaries to the Virginia colony, with particularemphasis at the colonial and tributary and international local settlements of thePiedmont and southwestern Coastal undeniable among 1646 and 1722.

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Extra info for Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722 (Early American Places Ser.)

Sample text

The extent of the relationship between Abraham Wood and Henry Woodward remains to be determined; however, C. S. Everett claims that Woodward was in Virginia at one point to investigate the Indian trade. In 1671 the Carolinian trader and Westo ally Dr. Henry Woodward traveled the same routes as Wood’s associates Needham and Arthur. Woodward was a truchement, or cultural broker, who had lived among the Indians of the Southeast, including the St. Helenas, a Cusabo group near Port Royal.

On August 13, 1658, John Pratt received an order from Charles City County allowing him to employ an Indian “under the hands,” or under the supervision of, his presumably English servants, Mr. Drewe and Mr. Wyatt. 71 At the same time, other counties began issuing more licenses as the demand for Indian servants rose. While the record indicates a growing number of licenses received, it also highlights concerns over English settlers using Indian labor without a license. Overall, indentured children had contracts that lasted until they were anywhere from twenty-four to thirty years of age, despite rules stating that the age limit was twenty-five.

For the most part, his descriptions of the expedition focused on the region and its inhabitants, as well as his perceptions of Native religions and history. Of note, he passed the site of the Battle of Bloody Run and the site of Totopotomoy’s death, a site he deemed important to the Indigenous trackers with him. 78 In his journey south, Lederer met with six Westo men working for Abraham Wood at Ackenatzy. 79 Lederer reported to Berkeley and Wood the existence of a large Occaneechee Indian town and two Saponi towns.

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